Interdisciplinary Arts HU 2301-Online
Post –Impressionism describes the stylistically heterogeneous work of the group of late 19th –century painters in France who more systematically examined the properties and expressive qualities of line, pattern, form and colour that the Impressionist did (Kleiner, 481). These artists include: Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, and Paul Cézanne.
Van Gogh’s paintings explore the capabilities of colors and distorted forms to express his motions. Van Gogh’s style is captured in his Night Café 1888 which is charged with energy. He employs the use of a tilted perspective and the thickness, shape and direction of the brushstrokes create a tactile counterpart to the intense color scheme of expressive values. Starry Night 1889, communicates his feelings rather than realistic representation on the sky. He instead fills it with electrifying vastness of the universe, whirling and exploding stars.
Gauguin also rejects objective representation in favour of subjective expression like van Gogh. In this period he painted works such as Vision after the Sermon which rejected Realism and Impressionism. It shows manipulation of perspective and is imaginative.
Seurat depicted his Impressionist audience in an intellectual way and developed a system of painting focused on color analysis, pointillism. His work shows how he used space, shapes and motifs to create patterns, as seen in A Sunday on La Grande Jatte 1884-1886, which also shows formal elements in an abstract design in which the cohere in a precise and tightly controlled environment(375).
Cézanne also developed a more analytical style. He explored properties of line, plane, and colour and their interrelationships. He replaced transitory visual effects of changing atmospheric conditions in Mont Sainte-Victoire 1902-1904 with a more concentrated, lengthier analysis of the colors in large lighted spaces (379). He also explored still life arrangement such as his Basket of Apples ca. 1895 from different viewpoints in his zeal to understand three-dimensionality and convey placement of forms relative to the space around them, which made his paintings conceptually coherent but not optically realistic (380). As his methods allow him to achieve two and three-dimensional images at the same time in Basket of Apples, he achieves a remarkable feat (380).
All artists through their work embody the ideals of the period in their pieces. It is evident in the style, rationality, subject matter, colour, perspective and use of other artistic elements in their pieces.
Kleiner, Fred S. Gardener’s Art through the Ages:A Concise Western History third edition. Boston: Wadsworth, 2014. Print.